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Тема: Discussion about CLINICAL CASES !!!

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    Вопрос Discussion about CLINICAL CASES !!!

    USMLE step 1 questions...



    A 7-year-old boy is brought to the clinic by his mother. He complains of sharp pain in his flanks, as well as dysuria and frequency. The doctor orders a 24-hour urine calcium test, and the results come back abnormal. After additional woek-up, the child is diagnosed with idiopathic hypercalciuria. What is a common type of medication used for this aliment?

    A. Loop diuretics
    B. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
    C. Thiazide diuretics
    D. Potassium-sparing diuretics
    E. Osmotic diuretics

    You can sleep when you are dead! MOTTO to USMLE>>>>>> Each year, each day, each hour, each second are decided... remaining only to do

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    Re: Discussion about CLINICAL CASES !!!

    Цитата Сообщение от sashabeliimda Посмотреть сообщение
    A 7-year-old boy is brought to the clinic by his mother. He complains of sharp pain in his flanks, as well as dysuria and frequency. The doctor orders a 24-hour urine calcium test, and the results come back abnormal. After additional woek-up, the child is diagnosed with idiopathic hypercalciuria. What is a common type of medication used for this aliment?

    A. Loop diuretics
    B. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
    C. Thiazide diuretics
    D. Potassium-sparing diuretics
    E. Osmotic diuretics
    What diuretic decrease excretion of calcium and thus can be used for idiopathic hypercalciuria?
    You can sleep when you are dead! MOTTO to USMLE>>>>>> Each year, each day, each hour, each second are decided... remaining only to do

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    Re: Discussion about CLINICAL CASES !!!

    Цитата Сообщение от sashabeliimda Посмотреть сообщение
    What diuretic decrease excretion of calcium and thus can be used for idiopathic hypercalciuria?
    Тиазиды

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    Re: Discussion about CLINICAL CASES !!!

    A 54-year-old male develops congestive heart failure after suffering his second myocardial infarction. His physician puts him on a regimen of several medications, including FUROSEMIDE. On follow-up, the patient is found to have HYPOKALEMIE, likely secondary to furosemide use. The addition of which medication would likely resolve the problem of hypokalemia, while helping to treat the underlying condition, congestive heart failure?

    A. Allopurinol
    B. Hydrochlorothiazide
    C. Spironolactone
    D. Acetazolamide
    E. Ethacrynic acid
    You can sleep when you are dead! MOTTO to USMLE>>>>>> Each year, each day, each hour, each second are decided... remaining only to do

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    Re: Discussion about CLINICAL CASES !!!

    Цитата Сообщение от sashabeliimda Посмотреть сообщение
    A 54-year-old male develops congestive heart failure after suffering his second myocardial infarction. His physician puts him on a regimen of several medications, including FUROSEMIDE. On follow-up, the patient is found to have HYPOKALEMIE, likely secondary to furosemide use. The addition of which medication would likely resolve the problem of hypokalemia, while helping to treat the underlying condition, congestive heart failure?

    A. Allopurinol
    B. Hydrochlorothiazide
    C. Spironolactone
    D. Acetazolamide
    E. Ethacrynic acid
    Adverse effect of loop diuretics how FUROSEMID is hypotension and volume depletion, as well as HYPOKALEMIA...
    You can sleep when you are dead! MOTTO to USMLE>>>>>> Each year, each day, each hour, each second are decided... remaining only to do

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    Re: Discussion about CLINICAL CASES !!!

    Вы что диуретики сейчас проходите?
    Мой ответ C.

  8. #7
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    Re: Discussion about CLINICAL CASES !!!

    Da, povtoreaiu po ciuciuti. Hociu s oseni naceati citati zanovo vse no uje s nailucisim angliiskim i skorosti ctenia budet esstesvenno bistree

    Otvet C pravilinii.
    You can sleep when you are dead! MOTTO to USMLE>>>>>> Each year, each day, each hour, each second are decided... remaining only to do

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    Re: Discussion about CLINICAL CASES !!!

    A 66-year-old female suffers a myocardial infarction while in the hospital and immediately goes into RESPIRATORY DISTRESS. Upon examination you realize the patient has flash PULMONARY EDEMA as a result of her infarction. Along with the management of the the myocardial infarction, you start the patient on FUROSEMIDE therapy to treat pulmonary edema. What is the mechanism of action of this agent?

    A. Inhibition of action of aldosterone by binding to its receptor in principal cells of the collecting duct
    B. Reduction of bicarbonate reabsorbion and concomitant sodium uptake
    C. Inhibion of active reabsorbion of sodium chloride at distal convoluted tubule
    D. Alteration of the diffusion of water relative to sodium and thereby reducing sodium reabsobtion
    E. Inhibion of active reabsorbtion of sodium chloride at the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle
    You can sleep when you are dead! MOTTO to USMLE>>>>>> Each year, each day, each hour, each second are decided... remaining only to do

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    Re: Discussion about CLINICAL CASES !!!

    Цитата Сообщение от sashabeliimda Посмотреть сообщение
    A 66-year-old female suffers a myocardial infarction while in the hospital and immediately goes into RESPIRATORY DISTRESS. Upon examination you realize the patient has flash PULMONARY EDEMA as a result of her infarction. Along with the management of the the myocardial infarction, you start the patient on FUROSEMIDE therapy to treat pulmonary edema. What is the mechanism of action of this agent?

    A. Inhibition of action of aldosterone by binding to its receptor in principal cells of the collecting duct
    B. Reduction of bicarbonate reabsorbion and concomitant sodium uptake
    C. Inhibion of active reabsorbion of sodium chloride at distal convoluted tubule
    D. Alteration of the diffusion of water relative to sodium and thereby reducing sodium reabsobtion
    E. Inhibion of active reabsorbtion of sodium chloride at the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle
    E
    USMLE: Step 1 ☑ → Step 2CK ☑ → Step 2CS ☑ → ECFMG Certificate ☑ → Step 3 ☑ → Match ☑ → Residency ☑

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    Re: Discussion about CLINICAL CASES !!!

    Booking.com
    Otvet E pravilinii
    Vot i explanation:
    Loop diuretics inhibit active NACL reabsorbtion in the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle by inhibiting a specific NA+/K+/CL- cotransporter.
    You can sleep when you are dead! MOTTO to USMLE>>>>>> Each year, each day, each hour, each second are decided... remaining only to do

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